# Handicapping Factor Definitions

### Race Factors

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Class |
Comparison of the class of the race of the current race to the average class rating of the previous races run by the horse. A rating of over 100 indicates a step down on class, a rating less than 100 indicate a step up in class. |

Distance |
This is the distance a horse is used to running compared to the distance of the current race. |

Post Position |
This represents the statistical advantage or disadvantage of the post position, based on a scale of 100. |

Purse |
Comparison of the purse of the current race to the average purse of the races in which the horse has run. This is an indicator of the class of the horse. |

Weight |
This compares the weight this horse is carrying to the field. The closer to 100, the bigger the advantage. |

### Race Dynamics

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Average Finish |
Represents how many lengths behind the winner the horse has finished in past races. A value of 100 indicates the horse always is zero lengths behind the winner. |

Average Finish (Weighted) |
This is the Average Finish of previous races weighted by how long ago each previous race was run. |

Horses Passed |
This is rating of how many other horses in the race this horse passed during previous races. |

Horses Passed (Weighted) |
This is the same as Horse Passed rating adjusted for how long ago each previous race was run. |

Lengths Gained |
This represents how many lengths the horse gained during previous races. |

Lengths Gained (Weighted) |
This is the same as Lengths Gained rating adjusted for how long ago each previous race was run. |

### Workout Factors

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Average Time (Fast) |
This is a statistical analysis of the percentage of horses that have slower workouts than this horse. The closer to 100, the faster this horse is compared to all other horses for workouts on a fast track. |

Average Time (Off) |
This is the same as the Average Time factor using only workout on an off track. |

Dist. Weighted Time (Fast) |
This is the average time of the workout using 12 seconds per furlong as a standard, weighted by distance of previous workouts on a fast track. |

Dist. Weighted Time (Off) |
This is the average time of the workout using 12 seconds per furlong as a standard, weighted by distance of previous workouts on an off-track. |

Number of Bullets |
This is the percentage of the workouts which are bullet works. (Bullet works are the fastest workout for a specific distance at a specific track on a specific day. |

Number of Workouts |
Total number of workouts; a maximum of 12 are considered. |

### Speed Factors

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Average Speed (Fast) |
The average speed rating of the previous races of a horse on a fast track normalized for varying distances. |

Average Speed (Off) |
The average speed rating of the previous races of a horse on an off track normalized for varying distances. |

Class Weighted (Fast) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on a fast track, weighted by the class of the race and normalized for varying distances. |

Class Weighted (Off) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on an off track, weighted by the class of the race and normalized for varying distances. |

Distance Weighted (Fast) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on a fast track, weighted by the distance of the race and normalized for varying distances. |

Distance Weighted (Off) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on an off track, weighted by the distance of the race and normalized for varying distances. |

Weight Weighted (Fast) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on a fast track, weighted by the weight carried by the horse and normalized for varying distances. |

Weight Weighted (Off) |
The average speed rating of the previous races run on an off track, weighted by the weight carried by the horse and normalized for varying distances. |

### Horse Factors

Horse efficiency ratings are a measure of the horse's starts, wins, places and shows in a single formula. Based on a scale of 100, the higher the ratting, the better the horse has performed.

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Current Track Efficiency |
The horse's efficiency rating based on races run at the current track. |

Current Year Efficiency |
The horse's efficiency rating based on races run during the current calendar year. |

Distance Efficiency |
The horse's efficiency rating based on races run at the current distance. |

Lifetime Efficiency |
The lifetime efficiency rating of the horse. |

Number of Prior Races |
Total number of prior races. |

Off Track Efficiency |
The lifetime efficiency rating of the horse using only races run on an off track. |

Prior Year Efficiency |
The horse's efficiency rating based on races run during the previous calendar year. |

Recency Efficiency |
The horse's efficiency rating based on races run during the past twelve months. |

Turf Efficiency |
The lifetime efficiency rating of the horse using only races run on the turf. |

### Trainer Factors

Trainer efficiency is a measure of the start, wins, places and shows for each trainer. Each trainer's rating is compared to the rating of the leading trainers across North America. A value of 100 indicates the trainer is performing on par with the best trainers in North America.

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Current Meet Efficiency |
This is the trainer efficiency rating based on starts at the current race meet. |

Current Year Efficiency |
This is the trainer efficiency rating based on starts during the current calendar year. |

Prior Year Efficiency |
This is the trainer efficiency rating based on starts during the previous calendar year. |

Recency Efficiency |
This is the trainer efficiency rating based on starts run during the past 12 months. |

### Jockey Factors

Jockey efficiency is a measure of the starts, wins, places and shows for each jockey. Each jockey's rating is compared to the rating of the leading jockeys across North America. A value of 100 indicates the jockey is performing on par with the best jockeys in North America.

Factor | Description |
---|---|

Current Meet Efficiency |
This is the jockey efficiency rating based on starts at the current race meet. |

Current Year Efficiency |
This is the jockey efficiency rating based on starts run during the current calendar year. |

Prior Year Efficiency |
This is the jockey efficiency rating based on starts during the previous calendar year. |

Recency Efficiency |
This is the jockey efficiency rating based on starts during the past 12 months. |

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